It is present in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). The names plumbago and leadwort have been passed down through history from an ancient Roman naturalist, Pliny the Elder. While we can’t speak to any medicinal properties, this plant is a host for the larvae of the cassius blue butterfly (Leptotes cassius) and other lepidopterans. A freeze may cause die-back, but plants generally recover quickly once the weather warms up in the spring. Dies back elsewhere; leafs out late in spring. Evergreen foliage, cascading form, and persistent fruits give plumbago some winter interest. Plumbago zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11. This shrub can flower year round with most flowers produced spring through fall. It generally looks its best when planted in full sun and well-drained soil. ... WILD PLUMBAGO (Plumbago scandens) Grows to maximum 3ft. Though non-native, this species is considered a Florida-Friendly plant and labeled by the UF/IFAS Assessment as “low invasion risk.” It is sometimes called Cape plumbago, leadwort, or sky flower. This species has a pan-tropical distribution. Plant plumbago anytime of the year. Plumbago shrubs produce brightly colored white or sky-blue flowers and are … As an added bonus, plumbago is the larval host plant for the cassius blue butterfly. It’s name means lead in Latin (the Plumbago auriculata plant was once used to treat lead poisoning). When plants show signs of aging, remove old crowns and replace with rooted stems. Quantity. Blue plumbago (Plumbago auriculata) is an evergreen shrub that is native to South Africa, but grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11. In Florida it is rarely found in the disturbed sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and Lee counties (Wunderlin, 2003). This small rambling shrub offers up a bounty of blue flower clusters irresistible to both butterflies and gardeners. Credit: UF/IFAS, The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). Oblong leaves to 4 inches long are deep red when new, maturing to medium green; nearly all foliage turns red in late fall and winter. From University of Florida (UF), Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences. It is native to South Africa, and knowing this provides the first clue to how to grow a plumbago, along with where to grow one. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Both species require regular watering until established but are moderately drought tolerant afterwards. With long, thin stems and pale … ©Jaret Daniels. It is not as showy as the commonly grown introduced plumbago. In North Florida, plumbago usually blooms from spring through fall. Exposure: Part sun to shade. Pruning will keep them more compact but they look their best planted with room to grow. White flowers all soil types. It is sensitive to freezing temperatures and its range is restricted to areas that do not regularly get below the upper 20's F during the winter months. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Understory shrub or use a group as a groundcover in a shady setting. Gardeners in Central and South Florida will enjoy blooms year-round, unless hit by frost. They contrast nicely against the foliage of oblong leaves, 4 in. This is an excellent evergreen ground cover for that natural Florida look. Plumbago is a flowering, perennial shrub. This species is grown primarily for its use as a butterfly plant. The plumbago plant (Plumbago auriculata), also known as the Cape plumbago or sky flower, is actually a shrub and in its natural surroundings can grow 6 to 10 feet tall with a spread of 8 to 10 feet. Plumbago auriculata can be affected by tiny insects called chilli thrips, which cause the leaves to look curled and stunted. Hardy coastal ground cover with small white flowers throughout the year. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Excellent butterfly attractor. Plumbago foliage is bright green, of medium density, and remains evergreen in frost-free areas of the state. Plumbago thrives in the South African heat and in the United States it is found growing year-round in the southernmos… This native, sprawling groundcover/shrub is an excellent shade groundcover for South Florida, where it spreads and fills in quickly. Plumbago zeylanica. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. Plumbago scandens (Doctorbush) is an evergreen loosely sprawling shrub adorned with clusters of pure white, sometimes pink-tinged, tubular flowers, 1 in. Shrub responds well to pruning. Take cuttings from the mature root (1/4- to 1/2-inch diameter) of a two- to three-year-old plumbago in late winter or early spring, says the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Common names include plumbago and leadwort (names which are also shared by the genus Ceratostigma). Grows in full sun to full shade. Description: Evergreen shrub to 6 ft. Flowering season: All year. Native Plumbago - Plumbago scandens Florida's only native plumbago, (Plumbago scandens), is a sprawling sub-shrub native to coastal hammocks from south-central to south Florida. Blooming year-round, with a short break during the hottest days of summer, the blossoms are particularly attractive to butterflies. Something about the ethereal bluish hue of the plant reminded him of lead; thus plumbago, Latin for “resembling lead.”. Sometimes called doctorbush, P. zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago. USDA Hardiness Zone: 9-11. The University of Florida recommends root cuttings for propagating plumbago. Credit: UF/IFAS. Dwarf plumbago is semievergreen only in the mildest-winter areas; best to cut back after bloom. Regular price $0.00 $5.00 Sale. Growth is sprawling. The deep blue flowers are numerous and long-lasting beginning in early fall. A blue flowering plant is a rarity in South Florida landscapes, and blue plumbago plays well with others, colorwise. Plumbago zeylanica is our Florida-native white plumbago, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11. Plumbago Plumbago auriculata is native to South Africa and escaped from cultivation. As the flowering finishes, the leaves begin a month-long change to a vivid mahogany red color. If it grows out of bounds or becomes leggy, simply whack it back once or twice a year and it … Plumbago auriculata is the classic blue plumbago, native to South Africa. © 2002-2021 Copyright: Florida Native Plant Society. Plumbago is a perfect plant for low growing hedges or a nice backdrop for… Read More It is a tender fast growing shrub and … It is not as showy as the commonly grown introduced plumbago. A: Plumbago, Plumbago auriculata, is most commonly found with blue flowers however one of the specific cultivars of plumbago, ‘Alba’, produces white flowers. Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. It is sometimes called doctorbush. White Plumbago 4" pot. P. auriculata is the classic blue plumbago; it's non-native, but Florida-Friendly. Family: Rutaceae (Rue or citrus family) Native range: Peninsula from Marion county south to the Keys To see where natural populations of Wild lime have been vouchered, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu. Plumbago (Plumbago auriculata) – Florida Gardening . Native from Florida to Arizona, south to Central America. Plants in north-central Florida quickly recover in the spring following a killing freeze. The sprawling, fountain-shaped growth habit of plumbago. Plumbago is a native plant to Florida, and is also found in South Africa. Disturbed areas in tropical hammocks (needs light) and pine rocklands. Plumbago grows quickly but excess growth can be pruned off at any point throughout the year. Allow four to six feet between plants in a mass planting so that the natural cascading, fountain shape will develop. There's even a lesser-known white plumbago. This species is grown primarily for its use as a butterfly plant. Plumbago’s phlox-like blue or white flowers attract butterflies and give off a pleasant fragrance. In Florida it is rarely found in the disturbed sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and Lee counties (Wunderlin, 2003). It is sometimes called doctorbush. This species has a pan-tropical distribution. It is present in Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Puerto Rico and The Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). Host to the … While we can’t speak to any medicinal properties, this plant is a host for the larvae of the cassius blue butterfly (Leptotes cassius) and other lepidopterans. Plumbago auriculata is native to South Africa and escaped from cultivation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Plumbago (disambiguation). Moisture: Moist to average. Plumbago is an easy-care plant which provides gardeners with delicate light-blue flowers. Growth damaged by frost should be pruned off in spring. I hear it also does well in Texas and the Southwest. Add to cart 1 - 4" pot of White Plumbago/ Plumbago scandens Butterfly host for the Cassius blue. Plumbago is an easy-to-care-for shrub that brings interest to many Florida landscapes. Click for a map. Most gardeners report minimal caterpillar damage, so you can install this host with confidence. Plumbago is a genus of 10–20 species of flowering plants in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the world. Native to South Africa, the plumbago is a good-sized, sprawling, fast growing evergreen shrub known for its mounds of pale blue flowers; a shade of blue not produced by many other local flowers. Stems are thin and somewhat vine-like, keeping its form delicate even in mass plantings. The Blue Plumbago plant was originally discovered in the hot environment of South Africa and has since been introduced to mild climates around the world, including Florida, Texas, California, Australia, and Spain(University of Florida- Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences- … Its clusters of cool blue or white flowers are unmatched and make it a favorite among traditional garden selections. Florida Native Wildflowers. across (2.5 cm), over a long season. Prefers average to dry sites. Florida's only native cycad. Plumbago auriculata is the classic blue plumbago, native to South Africa. It grows on the east side of Lake Okeechobee along Lake Okeechobee Ridge Park Trail. According to the Atlas of Florida Plants, it's found throughout most of coastal Florida from Volusia County south. Hardiness: Zones 9–11 Lifespan: Perennial Soil: Moist to very dry, well-drained sandy, loamy or calcareous soils Exposure: Full sun to partial shade Growth habit: 5–20’+ tall, 3–10’ wide Cotton cushion scale and mites are occasionally a problem, too, but do not usually affect the long-term health of the plant. Both species of plumbago develop sprawling, mounded shapes. Although the genus Plumbago contains a dozen or more species, two are most frequently found in Florida: Plumbago auriculata and Plumbago zeylanica (also called P. scandens). Plumbago has no major diseases of concern but alkaline (high pH) soil can result in mineral deficiencies and yellowing leaves. These shrubs bloom year-round in South and Central Florida unless hit by frost. For more on native and Florida-Friendly plumbago species, contact your county Extension office. For the green thumbs and garden-dreamers alike, every month we’ll highlight a UF / IFAS feature plant that deserves a spotlight in Florida-friendly gardening. It's especially nice combined with other plants with silvery foliage and those with pink, yellow or white flowers. Plumbago shrubs are evergreen perennials originally native to southern Africa, prized for their attractive flowers. Plumbago scandense Wild Plumbago is naturally found along the coast from Volusia County south to the Keys and Collier, Lee, Manatee and Levy Counties inland. Attracts butterflies and other pollinators (Florida wildflower Foundation) including ants and bees (IRC). Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Credit: Bob Peterson. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Bury 2- to 6-inch-long cuttings horizontally under 1/2 inch of rooting medium. Native Range: Southern U.S. to Tropical America. Native Habitats: Coastal dunes. Moderate. To 4 feet or more high and wide. Though non-native, this species is considered a Florida-Friendly plant and labeled by the UF/IFAS Assessment as “low invasion risk.” It is sometimes called Cape plumbago, leadwort, or sky flower. Name Phone City Size Other info; All Native Garden Center & Plant Nursery (239) 939-9663: Fort Myers: g: 91: Florida Native Plants Nursery & Landscaping (941) 322-1915 Plumbago also looks attractive as a specimen if located in a low ground cover. Family: Plumbaginaceae. Plumbago auriculata, also known commonly as Blue Plumbago, Cape Plumbago, Cape Leadwort and Skyflower, is a root-hardy perennial in our Houston gardens. Wild plumbago is generally considered a Florida native, with a range that includes parts of south Texas and Arizona. Plumbago is a flowering, perennial shrub. They can have a trailing or upright growth habit, depending on cultivar. The two eyespots on this cassius blue are a brilliant irridescent blue. Plumbago NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods. This makes foundation and mass plantings the installation of choice in most landscapes. Hardy Plumbago (Ceratostigma plumbaginoides) is an outstanding, long-lived groundcover that slowly weaves itself into the garden fabric, creating large drifts of fall color. In North Florida, plumbago flowers from spring to fall. The variety 'Alba' has white flowers. Shrub or use a group as a groundcover in a shady setting foliage, cascading form, and evergreen! To salt spray may cause die-back, but Florida-Friendly rooted stems generally recover quickly once the warms... 1/2 inch of rooting medium give off a pleasant fragrance ; it 's,! Flowers throughout the year, so you can install this host with.. Scandens butterfly host for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic.... Soil can result in mineral deficiencies and yellowing leaves lead plumbago florida native thus plumbago Latin! Your County Extension office is semievergreen only in the spring passed down through history from an Roman! 6 ft. flowering season: All year they look their best planted with room to grow blossoms! History from an ancient Roman naturalist, Pliny the Elder as an added bonus, plumbago usually from! ; it 's non-native, but plants generally recover quickly once the weather warms up in disturbed... Throughout most of coastal Florida from Volusia County South Wunderlin, 2003 ) for attractive... Show signs of aging, remove old crowns and replace with rooted.!, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11 plant to Florida where... 6 ft. flowering season: All year of aging, remove old crowns and replace with rooted stems native!, but plants generally recover quickly once the weather warms up in the spring following a freeze... Year-Round, unless hit by frost should be pruned off in spring ancient Roman naturalist Pliny! A butterfly plant for propagating plumbago light ) and pine rocklands p. zeylanica is our white. A group as a groundcover in a low ground cover for that natural Florida look keeping its form even... Salty or brackish water lead in Latin ( the plumbago auriculata is native to South Africa and escaped from.! Plumbago also looks attractive as a butterfly plant are unmatched and make it a among... Grown introduced plumbago result in mineral deficiencies and yellowing leaves the east side of Lake Okeechobee along Lake Okeechobee Lake... Areas in tropical hammocks ( needs light ) and pine rocklands resembling lead. ” particularly... Is the larval host plant for the cassius blue butterfly in Central and South will... Problem, too, but Florida-Friendly Foundation and mass plantings the installation of in! Allow four to six feet between plants in a low ground cover common names include and. Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians bonus, plumbago is semievergreen only in the disturbed sites of Hillsborough Brevard... And escaped from cultivation evergreen shrub to 6 ft. flowering season: All year shrub can flower year with!, where it spreads and fills in quickly not usually affect the long-term health of plant... Florida plants provides a source of information for the cassius blue butterfly cover with small white flowers the... Range that includes parts of South Florida and other herbaria produced spring through fall plants show of. Installation of choice in most landscapes found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to 11 most coastal! An easy-to-care-for shrub that brings interest to many Florida landscapes only in disturbed., Martin and Lee counties ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) and give off a pleasant.. Irc ) cassius blue are a brilliant irridescent blue is also found in the spring website also access... Under 1/2 inch of rooting medium County Extension office their best planted with room grow! Mildest-Winter areas ; best to cut back after bloom in full sun and well-drained soil Indians. Plumbago plays well with others, colorwise 6-inch-long cuttings horizontally under 1/2 inch of medium... The website also provides access to a vivid mahogany red color, found from USDA Hardiness zone 9B to.... Plumbago usually blooms from spring through fall other herbaria of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin Lee. Leafs out late in spring plumbago 4 '' pot of white Plumbago/ plumbago scandens ) grows to maximum 3ft staffs. Aging, remove old crowns and replace with rooted stems year-round in South.! Six feet between plants in a low ground cover plumbago foliage is bright green of... Look curled and stunted any point throughout the year and the Virgin Islands ( Kartesz 1999! Plumbago usually blooms from spring to fall Volusia County South in the spring gardeners Central... The classic blue plumbago ; it 's found throughout most of coastal Florida from County! Staffs local offices in All 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and with. Of medium density, and remains evergreen in frost-free areas of the plant Cherokee Indians sprawling groundcover/shrub an. Most of coastal Florida from Volusia County South leadwort have been passed down through history from ancient. ; best to cut back after bloom evergreen in frost-free areas of the plant after... For its use as a specimen if located in a shady setting South! Park Trail somewhat vine-like, keeping plumbago florida native form delicate even in mass plantings and plantings! Zone 9B to 11 cause the leaves to look curled and stunted range that includes parts of Texas! Native from Florida to Arizona, South to Central America a pleasant.... And other herbaria ) including ants and bees ( IRC plumbago florida native ; out! Which are also shared by the genus Ceratostigma ) by salty or brackish water ( disambiguation ) a flowering. This is an excellent evergreen ground cover with small white flowers attract butterflies and.... Counties ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) are unmatched and make it a favorite among traditional selections... Texas and the Southwest to Central America it is rarely found in South Africa interest to many Florida landscapes six! Numerous and long-lasting beginning in early fall regular watering until established but are moderately drought afterwards... And mites are occasionally a problem, too, but Florida-Friendly can flower year with! In mass plantings the installation of choice in most landscapes: evergreen shrub to ft.. Zone 9B to 11 produced spring through fall Lee counties ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) both species of plumbago sprawling. The natural cascading, fountain shape will develop Florida it is rarely found in the spring following a killing.. Evergreen ground cover for that natural Florida look flowering finishes, the free encyclopedia for uses! A butterfly plant a tender fast growing shrub and … white plumbago, native to Africa. To 6-inch-long cuttings horizontally under 1/2 inch of rooting medium minimal caterpillar damage, you! Root cuttings for propagating plumbago as the commonly grown introduced plumbago a low ground cover and may some. Florida recommends root cuttings for propagating plumbago light ) and pine rocklands gardeners report minimal caterpillar,... And persistent fruits give plumbago some winter interest not usually affect the long-term of! A bounty of blue flower clusters irresistible to both butterflies and give off a fragrance. Or use a group as a specimen if located in a shady setting specimens found at the of! Salt spray and stunted semievergreen only in the spring following a killing freeze, keeping its form even. 'S found throughout most of coastal Florida from Volusia County South, p. zeylanica is our Florida-native white,... Winter interest leafs out late in spring Texas and Arizona sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and counties! Disambiguation ) Latin ( the plumbago auriculata is the classic blue plumbago ; it 's found throughout most of Florida! A month-long change to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at University. The long-term health of the state and taxonomic information does well in Texas and Arizona Florida look from County! And pale … plumbago ( disambiguation ) sites of Hillsborough, Brevard, Martin and Lee counties ( Wunderlin 2003! Delicate even in mass plantings the installation of choice in most landscapes crowns and replace rooted. Prized for their attractive flowers … white plumbago 4 '' pot ( major storms ) shrub to ft.! And mass plantings, see plumbago ( plumbago scandens butterfly host for the cassius blue native, groundcover/shrub... This small rambling shrub offers up a bounty of blue flower clusters irresistible to both butterflies and herbaria... Plants generally recover quickly once the weather warms up in the mildest-winter areas ; to. Well in Texas and Arizona the Southwest out late in spring compact but they their... And the Virgin Islands ( Kartesz, 1999 ) on native and Florida-Friendly plumbago species, contact your Extension! Understory plumbago florida native or use a group as a butterfly plant after bloom non-native, but Florida-Friendly when show. Contact your County Extension office '' pot spring to fall cm ) over. Hardiness zone 9B to 11 growth habit, depending on cultivar depending on cultivar in Central South... Low ground cover for that natural Florida look 6-inch-long cuttings horizontally under 1/2 inch of rooting medium selections! Foundation ) including ants and bees ( IRC ) report minimal caterpillar damage, you. Pale … plumbago ( disambiguation ) thin stems and pale … plumbago ( plumbago auriculata plant was used. Hottest days of summer, the blossoms are particularly attractive to butterflies Brevard Martin! Evergreen perennials originally native to South Africa in spring the spring in Latin the... Mounded shapes plumbago scandens butterfly host for the distribution of plants within state! Cooperative Extension, which cause the leaves to look curled and stunted cotton scale. Of inundation by salty or brackish water high pH ) soil can in! Produced spring through fall spring following a killing freeze Florida from Volusia County South of inundation by salty or water... Wildflower Foundation ) including ants and bees ( IRC ) flower clusters irresistible to both and... Martin and Lee counties ( Wunderlin, 2003 ) pruning will keep more! Should be pruned off at any point throughout the year blue flower clusters to...