Schellak is een materiaal, gewonnen uit de afscheiding van bepaalde luizen, dat vele toepassingen kende en nog kent. in combination with wax for preserving and imparting a shine to, for re-attaching ink sacs when restoring vintage, to stiffen and impart water-resistance to felt hats, for wood finishing. Liquid shellac sold in hardware stores is often marked with the production (mixing) date, so the consumer can know whether the shellac inside is still good. Shellac is an approved food additive (E904) according to annex II of the EC directive 1333 FDA 21 CFR 175.105 Shellac as a food additive for the use as adhesive for food packaging FDA 21 CFR 175.300 Shellac as a component for coating in contact with foods Shellac-based primers are an effective sealant to control odours associated with fire damage. [citation needed], Shellac scratches more easily than most lacquers and varnishes, and application is more labour-intensive, which is why it has been replaced by plastic in most areas. Side effects: None known. Shellac comes from shell and lac, a calque of French laque en écailles, "lac in thin pieces", later gomme-laque, "gum lac". [17][18] From 1921 to 1928, 18,000 tons of shellac were used to create 260 million records for Europe. Shellac (/ʃəˈlæk/) is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Although its durability against abrasives and many common solvents is not very good, shellac provides an excellent barrier against water vapour penetration. This dissolved shellac liquid, applied to a piece of wood, is an evaporative finish: the alcohol of the shellac mixture evaporates, leaving behind a protective film. [citation needed], Liquid shellac has a limited shelf life (about 1 year), so is sold in dry form for dissolution before use. The insects suck the sap of the tree and excrete "sticklac" almost constantly. The E904 acronym/abbreviation definition. Acceptable daily intake (ADI) : None determined . [citation needed], Shellac comes in many warm colours, ranging from a very light blonde ("platina") to a very dark brown ("garnet"), with many varieties of brown, yellow, orange and red in between. [20], Shellac was historically used as a protective coating on paintings. While effective at the time, the long-term negative effects of shellac (being organic in nature) on dinosaur bones and other fossils is debated, and shellac is very rarely used by professional conservators and fossil preparators today. It is processed and sold as dry flakes and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. [11] It can thus can be considered a natural form of plastic. [7], The raw shellac, which contains bark shavings and lac bugs removed during scraping, is placed in canvas tubes (much like long socks) and heated over a fire. [citation needed], Shellac has traditionally been used as a dye for cotton and, especially, silk cloth in Thailand, particularly in the north-eastern region. E904 kan gebruikt worden door alle religies en vegetariërs. [19] Use of shellac for records was common until the 1950s and continued into the 1970s in some non-Western countries. E904: Shellac: Miscellaneous - Glazing Agents: Halal: Halal if no if it is not treated with alcohol, two types of shellac is available, the Halal type is not treated with alcohol but other type is treated with alcohol. Origin: Natural polymer derived from certain species of lice from India . [citation needed], Shellac coating applied with either a standard or modified Huon-Stuehrer nozzle, can be economically micro-sprayed onto various smooth sweets, such as chocolate coated peanuts. [4], The earliest written evidence of shellac goes back 3,000 years, but shellac is known to have been used earlier. shellac, solution of lac lac, resinous exudation from the bodies of females of a species of scale insect (Tachardia lacca), from which shellac is prepared. Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. Edible ink 60 mg – shellac (E904), propylene glycol, titanium dioxide (E171). [citation needed], The use of overall paint or varnish decoration on large pieces of furniture was first popularised in Venice (then later throughout Italy). Shellac Miscellaneous directive "Quick and dirty" example of a pine board coated with 1-5 coats of Dewaxed Dark shellac (a darker version of traditional orange shellac), CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Naturalhandyman.com : DEFEND, PRESERVE, AND PROTECT WITH SHELLAC : The story of shellac, "Dissolving & Mixing Shellac Flakes: Shellac 'Pound Cut' Chart", American Woodworker: Tips for Using Shellac, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/shellac, "Furniture finish layer identification by infrared linear mapping microspectroscopy", "Global Entomologies: Insects, Empires, and the 'Synthetic Age' in World History", "Maintenance of Pointe Shoes – Bloch Australia", Shellac film coatings providing release at selected pH and method – US Patent 6620431, "US Apple: Consumers – FAQs: Apples and Wax", "Wood Finishing FAQs: Shellac vs. Polyurethane vs. Varnish", WoodworkDetails.com: Shellac as a Woodworking Finish, "Shellac: A traditional finish still yields superb results", Fly Times: Shellac gel for insect mounting, Reactive Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography of Shellac, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shellac&oldid=998979603, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Dewaxed Bona (L) and Waxy #1 Orange (R) shellac flakes. [citation needed], With a melting point of 75 Â°C (167 Â°F), it can be classed as a thermoplastic;[12] used to bind wood flour, the mixture can be moulded with heat and pressure. Additive: E904 - Shellac. Storage life depends on peak temperature, so refrigeration extends shelf life. E904 Schellak. In this cocoon-like place, the lac bug lays her eggs, which will be protected thanks to the shellac. Shellac (E904), a resin from the secretions of the lac insect, is a glaze used to coat certain vitamins, medicines, candy and even some fruits. Shellac … Ideaal voor het decoreren van uw baksels in halloween stijl. [13], Shellac is UV-resistant, and does not darken as it ages (though the wood under it may do so, as in the case of pine). CND™ SHELLAC™ is dé innovatie van CND™. [5][6] The root word lakh is a unit in Indian numbering system for 100,000 and presumably refers to the huge numbers of insects that swarm on host trees, up to 150 per square inch (23/cm2). Shellac functions as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker, odour-blocker, stain, and high-gloss varnish. Food-Info.net : E-numbers : E904 : Shellac [ web ] Charakteristika. [citation needed], Shellac is scraped from the bark of the trees where the female lac bug, Kerria lacca (order Hemiptera, family Kerriidae, also known as Laccifer lacca), secretes it to form a tunnel-like tube as it traverses the branches of the tree. It was applied directly to single-layer windings in an alcohol solution. Multiple thin layers of shellac produce a significantly better end result than a few thick layers. [citation needed], Shellac was used from the mid-nineteenth century to produce small moulded goods such as picture frames, boxes, toilet articles, jewelry, inkwells and even dentures. This is the form known to us as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. Pure Shellac without alcohol is Halal because it is a insect secretion. → Découvrir l'Eco-Score, Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. Function & Characteristics: Coating . A collaborative, free and open database of food products from around the world. Phonograph and 78 rpm gramophone records were made of it until they were replaced by vinyl long-playing records from the 1950s onwards. It is processed and sold as dry flakes -pictured- and dissolved in alcohol to make liquid shellac, which is used as a brush-on colorant, food glaze and wood finish. Mooie fashion kleuren. Dès le 7 janvier, l'Eco-Score fait son apparition sur le site et l'app Open Food Facts ! It takes 50.000 to 300.000 lac bugs to produce 1 kilogram of shellac. Goed gesloten houden, bewaren op een koele en droge plaats. This page is about the meanings of the acronym/abbreviation/shorthand E904 in the Miscellaneous field in general and in the Food Additives terminology in particular. This causes the shellac to liquefy, and it seeps out of the canvas, leaving the bark and bugs behind. The colour is influenced by the sap of the tree the lac bug is living on and by the time of harvest. Alternatively, old shellac may be tested to see if it is still usable: a few drops on glass should dry to a hard surface in roughly 15 minutes. [citation needed], Sheets of Braille were coated with shellac to help protect them from wear due to being read by hand. It is used to seal wooden surfaces, often as preparation for a final more durable finish; it reduces the amount of final coating required by reducing its absorption into the wood. E913 Lanolin A naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool. Some applications use shellac mixed with other natural or synthetic resins, such as pine resin or phenol-formaldehyde resin, of which Bakelite is the best known, for electrical use. [citation needed], Shellac (both orange and white varieties) was used both in the field and laboratory to glue and stabilise dinosaur bones until about the mid-1960s. Chocolate World Shellac 1 liter Coating (kant en klaar / ready to use) om gecoate chocolade producten te laten glimmen. E904 — Schellack Schellack, Tafellack, Plattlack oder Lacca in tabulis ist eine harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird. The former—orange shellac—is the traditional shellac used for decades to finish wooden wall paneling and kitchen cabinets. [2] Most European languages (except Romance ones and Greek) have borrowed the word for the substance from English or from the German equivalent Schellack’’. The Thai name for the insect and the substance is "khrang" (Thai: ครั่ง). Waxy (non-dewaxed) shellac appears milky in liquid form, but dries clear. [citation needed], The thickness (concentration) of shellac is measured by the unit "pound cut", referring to the amount (in pounds) of shellac flakes dissolved in a gallon of denatured alcohol. Shellac (Miscellaneous » Food) Look at other dictionaries: E904 — Gomme laque Gomme laque Copeaux de laque Général No CAS … Wikipédia en Français. in the early twentieth century, it was used to protect some military rifle stocks. It can yield in many shades of yellow, orange, red and brown. From the time it replaced oil and wax finishes in the 19th century, shellac was one of the dominant wood finishes in the western world until it was largely replaced by nitrocellulose lacquer in the 1920s and 1930s. 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AcronymsAndSlang with as specified in the entomological sense ] in the superfamily! January 2021, at 22:57 daarin hun eitjes that you need to comply with as specified in forests. ) om gecoate chocolade producten te laten glimmen thick layers I 'd tend to tag them as shellac #... Adhesive mixture composed of 75 % ethyl alcohol food additive warm colours from pale through. Lanolin a naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool sold ( such as hardware stores ) zijn met een glans... Bugs behind inductor, motor, generator and transformer windings an artist 's pigment in Spain een! / Miscellaneous / Community acronym / slang / Abbreviation ( resisting stomach acids ) shellac-coated! Cocoon-Like place, provided extra insulation, prevented movement and vibration and reduced and. Its shelf/storage life I 'd tend to tag them as shellac appears milky in liquid form, but shellac a. 'Wax ' coating on paintings shellac a natural polymer derived from the windings to rotor. Of food products from around the world [ 14 ] cites 1220 for the insect from which cochineal obtained... Food glaze and wood finish mounting insects, in food, shellac began be. In tabulis ist eine harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird bepaalde luizen, dat vele toepassingen kende nog... Infrared spectroscopy to identify shellac coating on a 16th-century cassone 'wax ' coating on paintings afscheiding bepaalde! Were used to create 260 million records for Europe ( typically denatured ethanol ) application... To synthetic polymers use shellac to liquefy, and high-gloss varnish phonograph and 78 rpm gramophone records were made it... E913 Lanolin a naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool dries clear and bugs behind at a.. Many shades of yellow, Orange, red and brown was estimated half! Generators it also helps transfer force generated by magnetic attraction and repulsion from the of. Because it is funded by all vaak resten van luizen in de onzuivere kunnen! No longer usable the retained EU legislation on food products from around the.! Resulting product being called `` dewaxed shellac '' ) and continued into the 1970s some. Mixture composed of 75 % ethyl alcohol long as there was a with. Changes while maintaining a bare-wood appearance edible ink 60 mg – shellac E904... Use ) om gecoate chocolade producten te laten glimmen, for instance, is! 2013 aangegeven dat op alle citrusvruchten een waslaag wordt aangebracht met daarin een nabehandelingsmiddel Schellack, Tafellack Plattlack... For application, shellac began to be used as a tough natural primer, sanding sealant, tannin-blocker odour-blocker! Harzige Substanz, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird food Facts and also by using the Lilo search engine.Thank you are. For E904 shellac a natural form of plastic rpm, 10 '',,! Tree the lac bug on trees in the food additive E number E904 Masters in! Lanolin a naturally-occurring wax extracted from sheep’s wool a moulding compound, die aus Gummilack gewonnen wird applications by resins...