Biodiversity of the estuary and gulf of Saint Lawrence River[54] consists of an aquatic mammal wildlife, of which most goes upriver through the estuary and the Saguenay–St. In Quebec, about 42.6 percent of the population (3,328,725 people) report knowing both languages; this is the highest proportion of bilinguals of any Canadian province. Afable, Patricia O. and Madison S. Beeler (1996). Hikes and rambles into its swathes of maple forests are lung-filling reminders of simpler times. [4] Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. [35] The most populous physiographic region is the Saint Lawrence Lowland. The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt was formed by subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate beneath the North American Plate. This peak is little more than a hike, most of it on a trail, yet it provides magnificent alpine views, including a ringside seat to glaciated Mount Athabasca. They won 12 of Canada's 29 medals at the most recent Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang (2018); they won 12 of the 27 Canadian medals in Sochi (2014); and 9 of the 26 Canadian medals in Vancouver (2010). The headwaters of the Yukon River, the largest and longest of the rivers on the Pacific Slope, lie in northern British Columbia at Atlin and Teslin Lakes. Bob and Geri signed the register and noticed that the last entry was from October 30th. Its major metropolis, Montreal, is … The Appalachians are actually a huge chain that extends from Alabama to Newfoundland. [138], In 2011, the most common mother tongue languages in the province were as follows: The Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec (CALQ) is an initiative of the Ministry of Culture and Communications (Quebec). The pillow lavas in rocks over 2 billion years old in the Canadian Shield signify that great oceanic volcanoes existed during the early stages of the formation of the Earth's crust. The southern portion of the shield extends to the Laurentians, a mountain range just north of the Saint Lawrence Lowland, that attracts local and international tourists to ski hills and lakeside resorts. by Armand Vaillancourt in San Francisco. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. [144][verification needed] The economy of Quebec is ranked the 37th largest economy in the world just behind Greece and 28th for the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita.[145][146]. In April 2012, plans were unveiled for the construction of an 800 km (497 mi) railway running north from Sept-Îles, to support mining and other resource extraction in the Labrador Trough. [38] The combination of rich and easily arable soils and Quebec's relatively warm climate makes this valley the most prolific agricultural area of Quebec province. [242], In 1939, the government of Quebec unilaterally ratified its coat of arms to reflect Quebec's political history: French rule (gold lily on blue background), British rule (lion on red background) and Canadian rule (maple leaves) and with Quebec's motto below "Je me souviens". However, Samuel de Champlain argued that the English seizing of the lands was illegal as the war had already ended; he worked to have the lands returned to France. It is the largest lake in the world that naturally drains in two directions. [57], Canadian fauna and Canadian flora species are divided among five different kingdoms:[58] protozoa (approximately 1% of recorded species); chromist (approximately 4% of recorded species); fungis (approximately 16% of recorded species); plants (approximately 11% of recorded species); and animals (approximately 68% of recorded species). Border monument #446 is visible in the low … [70], The southernmost part of Alberta drains into the Gulf of Mexico through the Milk River and its tributaries. Many of the volcanic belts bear ore deposits that are related to the volcanism. They are then differentiated according to the insolation, temperature, and precipitation of snow and rain.[44]. On the right (east) is Maine. [127] A 2014 report by the Fraser Institute indicated that "Relative to its size, Quebec is the most indebted province in Canada by a wide margin".[128]. Each of these elements eventually merges with the Mackenzie, thereby draining the vast majority of the Arctic watershed. After his loss in the referendum, Lévesque went back to Ottawa to start negotiating a new constitution with Trudeau, his minister of Justice Jean Chrétien and the nine other provincial premiers. Other than in the plateau regions of the Interior and its many river valleys, most of British Columbia is coniferous forest. This result caused a split in the Quebec Liberal Party that led to the formation of the new Action démocratique (Democratic Action) party led by Mario Dumont and Jean Allaire. The expression La belle province is still used mostly in tourism as a nickname for the province. Many of Canada's major ore deposits are associated with Precambrian volcanoes. By land area alone, however, Canada ranks fourth, the difference being due to it having the world's largest proportion of fresh water lakes. Boundary Peak is a summit in New Mexico and has an elevation of 8133 feet. [232] Among these troops are contemporary, travelling and on-horseback circuses, such as Les 7 Doigts de la Main, Cirque Éloize, Cavalia, Kosmogonia, Saka and Cirque Akya. Boundary Peak, Maine Save Fun hike along the border swath on the US - Canada border dividing Maine and Quebec. In "Languages", ed. Because of the influence of both storm systems from the core of North America and the Atlantic Ocean, precipitation is abundant throughout the year, with most areas receiving more than 1,000 millimetres (39 in) of precipitation, including over 300 centimetres (120 in) of snow in many areas. The provincial GDP in 2010 was C$319,348 billion,[147] which makes Quebec the second largest economy in Canada. Émile Nelligan, a Quebec poet famous for his poem Winter evening, First influenced since the days of New France by Catholicism, with works from Frère Luc (Brother Luke) and more recently from Ozias Leduc and Guido Nincheri, art of Quebec has developed around the specific characteristics of its landscapes and cultural, historical, social and political representations.[231]. However, it is still below the replacement fertility rate of 2.1. Boundary Peak (3,855') and Mt. [70] These people traded fur and food and sometimes warred with each other. Those straits include a large number of islands, notably the Gulf Islands and Discovery Islands. [217] Quebec traditional music is currently provided by various contemporary groups seen mostly during Christmas and New Year's Eve celebrations, Quebec National Holiday and many local festivals. All locations and spots in Lac-Megantic, Quebec, Canada marked by people from around the world. Flights between Quebec and Vancouver Boundary Bay are likely to be cheaper during these times, as the cheapest flight fares are usually found outside of peak times. [25] In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples. The large land wildlife is mainly composed of the white-tailed deer, the moose, the muskox, the caribou (reindeer), the American black bear and the polar bear. The view from its summit include, Snow Dome, Mt. In addition, 152,820 (2.0%) reported having more than one native language.[138]. This list is now in reasonably good shape, but it is still possible that some peaks have been left off. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario. An additional 5.8 percent of the population said they had no religious affiliation (including 5.6 percent who stated that they had no religion at all).Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents (7,125,580)[137], The official language of Quebec is French. Montgomery Peak is 200 feet higher but is located in California. The Arctic Lowlands and Hudson Bay lowlands comprise a substantial part of the geographic region often designated as the Canadian Shield (in contrast to the sole geologic area). An unprepared British Army had to raise militia force; the rebel forces scored a victory in Saint-Denis but were soon defeated. [194][195][196] The Mont Mégantic Observatory was recently equipped with this camera. Five per cent of Canada's land area is arable, none of which is for permanent crops. [98] Their actions resulted in rebellions in both Lower and Upper Canada. [207][208] The energy balance of Quebec has undergone a large shift over the past 30 years. The Milk River originates in the Rocky Mountains of Montana, then flows into Alberta, then returns into the United States, where it is drained by the Missouri River. English was also used in the legislature, government commissions and courts. [179] The research and development expenditures will be more than 3% of the province's GDP in 2013. The four calendar seasons in Quebec are spring, summer, autumn and winter, with conditions differing by region. Volcanism has also occurred in the Canadian Shield. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. Both routes meet at a saddle below the summit, and to get there the Trail Canyon route goes straight up the face of a cirque, while the Queen Mine route traverses the main ridge. 087; November 27, 2006", "Debate: The motions on the Québécois nation", "Revenu Québec - Basic Rules for Applying the GST/HST and QST", "Consolidated provincial and territorial government revenue and expenditures, by province and territory, 2009", "Quebec business taxes highest in North America", "Quebec's debt 'worryingly high', report says", "Population urban and rural, by province and territory", "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data", "Canada's total population estimates, 2013", "Les Québécoises conservent un taux de fécondité supérieur au reste du Canada", "Le Québec franchit le cap des 8 millions d'habitants", "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data", "Visible minority groups, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data", "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables", "Selected Religions, for Canada, Provinces and Territories", "Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census – Province of Quebec", "Att. Border monument #446 is visible in the low foreground if you enlarge the picture. [19] The physical geography of Canada is widely varied. [141][142] Until 1969, Quebec was the only officially bilingual province in Canada and most public institutions functioned in both languages. Quebec is at the centre of French-speaking culture in North America. Across the Canadian Shield and in the north there are large iron, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, and uranium reserves. The Labrador Peninsula is covered by the Laurentian Plateau (or Canadian Shield), dotted with mountains such as Otish Mountains. In 1998 the Montreal Insectarium sponsored a poll to choose an official insect. [18] Canada also encompasses vast maritime terrain, with the world's longest coastline of 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi). Quebec is the only province not to have assented to the patriation of the Canadian constitution in 1982.[110]. Canada is currently warming at twice the global average, and this is effectively irreversible. Photo of Boundary Peak From Mont Gosford Park, QC in Woburn, Quebec (Canada). Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, and only failed by less than 1%. Major elements are the Yukon, Columbia and Fraser rivers. [32] Extreme northern Canada can have snow for most of the year with a Polar climate. The Peace, Athabasca and Liard Rivers, as well as Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed by Canada) are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. [40] Winters are long, very cold, and snowy, and among the coldest in eastern Canada, while summers are warm but very short due to the higher latitude and the greater influence of Arctic air masses. Pin This Program. At the Ranger station, sign in and pay the entrance fee (was $10.25 CA on 9/26/2015), and set your odometer to 0. Download its GPS track and follow the itinerary on a map. 2 talking about this. Constituting nearly one-sixth of Canada’s total land area, Quebec is the largest of Canada’s 10 provinces in area and is second only to Ontario in population. What worked for Carleton in 1774 was not likely to succeed in 1784. The Loyalists were thus given land grants of 200 acres (81 ha) per person. This track shows the drive from Route 212 (2 miles west of Woburn, QC) to the trailhead for Boundary, as well as the hike itself. [71] The Shield is also covered by vast boreal forests that support an important logging industry. Quebec (/k(w)ɪˈbɛk/ (listen);[9] French: Québec [kebɛk] (listen))[10] is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. The festivities occur on June 23 and 24 and are celebrated all over Quebec. Rental Equipment: Need to rent equipment for your trip? This law has been the subject of periodic controversy since its inception. [citation needed]. The question of sovereignty-association was placed before the voters in the 1980 Quebec referendum. Boreal forest covers much of the shield, with a mix of conifers that provide valuable timber resources in areas such as the Central Canadian Shield forests ecoregion that covers much of Northern Ontario. The swelling numbers of English encouraged them to make greater demands for recognition with the colonial government. [7] Three of Canada's Arctic islands, Baffin Island, Victoria Island and Ellesmere Island, are among the ten largest in the world. [80], After 1627, King Louis XIII of France allowed the Company of New France to introduced the seigneurial system and forbade settlement in New France by anyone other than Roman Catholics.[81]. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. English is not designated an official language by Quebec law. I believe September 29 – October 21 is the blackout period – Moose Season in Quebec Zone 4. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin or Ojibwe word kébec meaning "where the river narrows", originally referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. These terms were signed into law with the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Die Wildnis um den Berg wird durch die Boundary Peak Wilderness Area geschützt. The Ballets Jazz de Montreal, the Grands Ballets and La La La Human Steps are three important professional troupes of contemporary dance. It includes such works as The Old Canadians, Maria Chapdelaine, Un homme et son péché, Le Survenant, etc. 12 , Alberta, Canada that features a great forest setting and is only recommended for very experienced adventurers. [118][119]. [151] Firmly grounded in the knowledge economy, Quebec has one of the highest growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) in Canada. The Anahim Volcanic Belt was formed as a result of the North American Plate sliding westward over the Anahim hotspot. This frontier aggression known as the Jumonville affair set the stage for the French and Indian War (a US designation; in Canada it is usually referred to as the Seven Years' War, although French Canadians often call it La guerre de la Conquête ["The War of Conquest"][87][88]) in North America. We reached the peak just after 10:00 AM and enjoyed the views and took the requisite pictures. In a similar way, the Association of Film and Television in Quebec (APFTQ) promotes independent production in film and television. Primary industries sustain small cities in regions of Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, and Côte-Nord. [1] Greenland is to the northeast and to the southeast Canada shares a maritime boundary with France's overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the last vestige of New France. The shield also encloses an area of wetlands, the Hudson Bay lowlands. [96] Therefore, Governor Haldimand (at the suggestion of Carleton) drew Loyalists away from Quebec City and Montreal by offering free land on the northern shore of Lake Ontario to anyone willing to swear allegiance to George III. It extends northeastward from the southwestern portion of the province along the shores of the Saint Lawrence River to the Quebec City region, limited to the North by the Laurentian Mountains and to the South by the Appalachians. [123], The government of Quebec takes the majority of its revenue through a progressive income tax, a 9.975% sales tax[124] and various other taxes (such as carbon, corporate and capital gains taxes), equalization payments from the federal government, transfer payments from other provinces and direct payments. "[115][116][117] However, there is considerable debate and uncertainty over what this means. Mavis Gallant, born in Quebec, lived in Paris from the 1950s onward. [65] From the Abitibi-Témiscamingue to the North Shore, the forest is composed primarily of conifers such as the Abies balsamea, the jack pine, the white spruce, the black spruce and the tamarack. Share On Facebook. Notable mountains in the Appalachians include Mount Jacques-Cartier (Quebec, 1,268 m or 4,160 ft), Mount Carleton (New Brunswick, 817 m or 2,680 ft), The Cabox (Newfoundland, 814 m or 2,671 ft). They began construction of a series of fortifications to protect the area. If the number of Internet postings is any indication of a peak’s popularity, then Boundary Peak hits the mark and for a good reason. Canada holds vast reserves of water: its rivers discharge nearly 7% of the world's renewable water supply,[67] it contains a quarter of the world's wetlands, and it has the third largest amount of glaciers (after Antarctica and Greenland). [33] Temperature extremes in Canada range from 45.0 °C (113.0 °F) in Midale[35] and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, on 5 July 1937, to −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F) in Snag, Yukon, on 3 February 1947. Life in the cafés and "terrasses" (outdoor restaurant terraces) reveals a Latin influence in Quebec's culture, with the théâtre Saint-Denis in Montréal and the Capitole de Québec theatre in Quebec City being among the principal attractions. Boundary Peak; Elevation: 3,855 ft (1,175 m) Prominence: 510 ft (155 m) Listing #83 New England 100 Highest: Location; Location: Oxford County, Maine, USA / Le Granit Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada: Coordinates [138], A considerable number of Quebec residents consider themselves to be bilingual in French and English. The Saint Lawrence River with its estuary forms the basis of Quebec's development through the centuries. Boundary Peak with the 20 foot wide border swath visible. [28] The northernmost point of the Canadian mainland is Zenith Point on Boothia Peninsula, Nunavut 72°00′07″N 94°39′18″W / 72.002°N 94.655°W / 72.002; -94.655 (Zenith Point, Nunavut). [165] It employs about 50,000 people[166] in 158 companies. In the Labrador Peninsula portion of the Shield, the far northern region of Nunavik includes the Ungava Peninsula and consists of flat Arctic tundra inhabited mostly by the Inuit. This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 22:16. West of them is the large Yukon Plateau and, west of that, the Yukon Ranges and Saint Elias Mountains, which include Canada's and British Columbia's highest summits, Mount Saint Elias in Kluane National Park and Mount Fairweather in the Tatshenshini-Alsek region. At the time of first European contact and later colonization, Algonquian, Iroquois and Inuit nations controlled what is now Quebec. Ice hockey remains the national sport. Altogether, 17.5% of Canadians are bilingual in French and English. A small area of southwestern Saskatchewan is drained by Battle Creek, which empties into the Milk River.[70]. [82] The population grew slowly under French rule,[83] thus remained relatively low as growth was largely achieved through natural births, rather than by immigration. [183] Overall, the province of Quebec count about 125 scientific publications per 100,000 inhabitants in 2009. This article is about the Canadian province. About 60 000 people currently working in computer software development. Mount Jacques-Cartier ; L. Jacques-Cartier Massif; M. Mont Mégantic; Mont Saint-Bruno; … The government of Quebec awards an order of merit called the National Order of Quebec. MONT TREMBLANT (4,9) MOUNT HEREFORD (5,8) 14 letters. [140] In contrast, in the rest of Canada, in 2006 only about 10.2 percent (2,430,990) of the population had a knowledge of both of the country's official languages. The white admiral butterfly (Limenitis arthemis)[244] won with 32% of the 230 660 votes against the spotted lady beetle (Coleomegilla maculata lengi), the ebony jewelwing damselfly (Calopteryx maculata), a species of bumble bee (Bombus impatiens) and the six-spotted tiger beetle (Cicindela sexguttata sexguttata). [37] Its landscape is low-lying and flat, except for isolated igneous outcrops near Montreal called the Monteregian Hills, formerly covered by the waters of Lake Champlain. Montreal's cabarets rose to the forefront of the city's cultural life during the Prohibition era of Canada and the United States in the 1920s. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. This marine environment sustains fisheries and smaller ports in the Lower Saint Lawrence (Bas-Saint-Laurent), Lower North Shore (Côte-Nord), and Gaspé (Gaspésie) regions of the province. (free Quebec!) In other forms, Canadian industry has a long history of extracting large coal and natural gas reserves. Cattle and sheep are raised in the valleys and plateaus of British Columbia. In between, it covers in Quebec near 800 km (497 mi), from the Montérégie hills to the Gaspé Peninsula. Gen. of Quebec v. Blaikie et al., 1979 CanLII 21 (S.C.C. The Cinémathèque québécoise has a mandate to promote the film and television heritage of Quebec. At Quebec City, the length of the daily sunshine varies from 8:37 hrs in December to 15:50 hrs in June; the annual variation is much greater (from 4:54 to 19:29 hrs) at the northern tip of the province. Approximately 60% of the production of the Canadian aerospace industry are from Quebec, where sales totalled C$12.4 billion in 2009. [28], The westernmost point is Boundary Peak 187 (60°18′22.929″N 141°00′7.128″W) at the southern end of the Yukon–Alaska border, which roughly follows 141°W but leans very slightly east as it goes North 60°18′04″N 141°00′36″W / 60.301°N 141.010°W / 60.301; -141.010 (Boundary Peak 187). The Wrangell Volcanic Field formed as a result of subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the North American Plate at the easternmost end of the Aleutian Trench. [178] The spending on research and development reached some 7.824 billion dollars in 2007, roughly the equivalent of 2.63% of Quebec's GDP. Its capital, Quebec city, is the oldest city in Canada. It made the climb a bit easier, albeit slightly longer. The abundance of natural resources gives Quebec an advantageous position on the world market. Register Now. Among the Nordic marine animals, there are two particularly important to cite: the walrus and the narwhal. This sport, which was played for the first time on March 3, 1875, at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal and promoted over the years by numerous achievements, including the centenary of the Montreal Canadiens, still raises passions. Most people who come to Boundary Peak are there for one reason: To touch the highest point in the state of Nevada. [162], About 180 000 Quebeckers work in different field of information technology. The fisheries industry has historically been one of Canada's strongest. It is the highest point on the border east of the Rocky Mountains. 312", "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses", "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory", "Canadian Federal and Provincial Fiscal Tables", "Dette: le Québec, cancre d'une classe surdouée", "Quebec credit rating surpasses Ontario for first time ever", "L'expertise québécoise en haute technologie", "L'économie du savoir en mutation au Québec", "The Benefits of Investing in Québec Research & Development", "Les raisons d'une implantation multiple dans un pays clé de l'aéronautique mondial", "Stratégie de développement de l'industrie aéronautique québécoise", "Québec veut investir 2 milliards pour stimuler l'économie", "Investir en TIC, innovation et créativité | Investissement Québec", "Industrie minière et substances exploitées", "Encore "dix ans difficiles" pour l'industrie forestière", "Le Québec est le chouchou de l'industrie minière", "Industrie minière: valeur des expéditions, selon les principales substances minérales, Québec", "Le Québec chiffres en main, édition 2009 – Végétation", "Stratégie québécoise de la recherche et de l'innovation (SQRI) 2010–2013", "Comparaisons économiques internationales", "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1992 Rudolph A. Marcus", "Science and Technology: Portal of the government of Québec", "Québec had 195 triadic inventions patented", "ombre de publications scientifiques en sciences naturelles et génie par 100,000 habitants, provinces et territoires, 1980 à 2009", "Nombre de publications scientifiques en sciences naturelles et génie, Québec, Ontario, pays du G8, pays nordiques, certains pays émergents et monde, et part dans le total mondial, 1980 à 2009", "Les publications scientifiques québécoises de 1991 à 2000", "A fourth planet around the star HR 8799", "La NASA acquiert une caméra conçue à l'UdeM", "Québec Science remet le Prix du public Découverte de l'année 2009 à un chercheur d'étoiles", "Un oeil de lynx pour la NASA grâce à un Lévisien", "La recherche et le développement au Québec", "Railway Gazette: Railway could tap Québec's northern wealth", "The Route verte puts all of Quebec within reach of your handlebars! This author will be part of the current of patriotic literature (also known as the "poets of the country" and literary identity) that will arise after the Patriots Rebellion of 1837–1838. The Premier's press release[212] reasserted the three fundamental values of Quebec society: Equality between men and women, primacy of the French language, and separation of church and state constitute the fundamental values. Geologically, the lowlands formed as a rift valley about 100 million years ago and are prone to infrequent but significant earthquakes. [139] However, both English and French are required by the Constitution Act, 1867, for the enactment of laws and regulations, and any person may use English or French in the National Assembly and the courts. Wilcox and Nigel Peak. There are over 200 young volcanic centres that stretch northward from the Cascade Range to Yukon. New Brunswick and Nova Scotia joined Ontario and Quebec in the new Dominion of Canada. Beginning in 1963, a paramilitary group that became known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade-long programme of propaganda and terrorism that included bombings, robberies and attacks[105] directed primarily at English institutions, resulting in at least five deaths. Der Übergang vom Talboden zum Fuß der Bergkette vollzieht sich abrupt. [39] The Canadian boreal forest is the northernmost and most abundant of the three forest areas in Quebec that straddle the Canadian Shield and the upper lowlands of the province. The small animals seen most commonly include the eastern grey squirrel, the snowshoe hare, the groundhog, the skunk, the raccoon, the chipmunk and the Canadian beaver. From south to north, average temperatures range in summer between 25 and 5 °C (77 and 41 °F) and, in winter, between −10 and −25 °C (14 and −13 °F). BOUNDARY PEAK (8,4) MONT BOISJOLI (4,8) MOUNT PINACLE (5,7) 13 letters. With the exception of the small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, located off the coast of Newfoundland, France ceded its North American possessions to Great Britain through the Treaty of Paris (1763) in favour of gaining the island of Guadeloupe for its then-lucrative sugar cane industry. Since the three people in our hiking party are in various stages of checking off the highest point in each state, we decided to attempt Boundary Peak on a long weekend trip that incorporated a short drive through Death Valley. It accounts for 8% of the Quebec's GDP and generate $19.2 billion. 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